Chicana Garment Workers Demand a Living Wage Receive Police Violence Instead (1959)

photo shows Janie Lozano, a Tex-Son striker beaten with an iron bar by a strike breaker.

photo shows Janie Lozano, a Tex-Son striker beaten with an iron bar by a strike breaker.

The International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) staged a strike against the Tex-Son garment factory in San Antonio, Texas (1959-1963). ILGWU went on strike in February of 1959 demanding a living wage increase from $1.05 to $1.15 an hour.

Despite the anti-union climate of San Antonio, Chicanas organized and mobilized the Mexican working-class communities on both sides of the border. Chicanas distributed leaflets and posters asking the people not to buy Tex-Son or Tex-Sis branded clothing.

The ILGWU also demanded an end to Tex-Son’s practice of sending work out of state to nonunion firms. The beginning of the strike also markedSophie González becoming the first Chicana organizer of ILGWU.

The police under orders from city elites and Tex-Son executives unleashed a wave of violence and harassment against the Chicanas on strike.

In An Unladylike Strike Fashionably Clothed: Mexicana and Anglo Women Garment Workers Against Tex-Son, 1959–1963, Lori A. Flores argues that “the Tex-Son strike represents an important, transitional form of Mexican and Mexican American women’s activism not yet fully explored by historians.” The Tex-Son strike ended just as the Chicano Movement was beginning.

Chicanas-Mexicanas have always been at the forefront of the labor struggle. It is time to recognize their sacrifices to advance social justice for our people.

Chicana garment workers went on strike against the Tex-Son garment factory in 1959 to demand a living wage and better working conditions. Chicanas faced police violence, harassment, arrest, and even jail time.

Chicana garment workers went on strike against the Tex-Son garment factory in 1959 to demand a living wage and better working conditions. Chicanas faced police violence, harassment, arrest, and even jail time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chicana garment workers went on strike against the Tex-Son garment factory in 1959 to demand a living wage and better working conditions. Chicanas faced police violence, harassment, arrest, and even jail time.

Chicana garment workers went on strike against the Tex-Son garment factory in 1959 to demand a living wage and better working conditions. Chicanas faced police violence, harassment, arrest, and even jail time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

c/s

cultural sovereignty

David

notesfromaztlan.tumblr.com

This entry was posted in Aztlan, Chicana/o, Chicana/o History, Chicana/o Identity, Chicana/o Studies, Community, Cultura, Decolonization, Education, History, Knowledge, Language, Mexican, Movimiento, MuXer, Photography, Politics, Racism, Resistance, Texas. Bookmark the permalink.

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