Three months after the East Los Angeles Blowouts, about seven Brown Beret members were arrested for “conspiracy” to disrupt the educational system, a felony punishable up to forty-five years in prison.
It was during this time (June 1968) that the Brown Berets developed a ten-point program to address the conditions of the Chicana/o community.
The Brown Beret motto: To Serve, Observe, and to Protect expressed the growing militancy of the Chicano Movement.
In ¡Mi Raza Primero!: Nationalism, Identity, and Insurgency in the Chicano Movement in Los Angeles, 1966-1978, Ernesto Chávez argues that the Brown Beret ten-point program was reformist and not revolutionary, but that observation is made in hindsight, and fails to acknowledge that the Chicano Movement was an ideological break from the Mexican American Generation.
In retrospect, the Brown Beret ten-point program was revolutionary for much of the platform remains relevant today, especially police brutality, the lack of Chicana/o Studies, and gentrification. Moreover, the Chicana/o community continues to be under assault politically and economically by the State.
1). Unity of all of our people, regardless of age, income, or political philosophy.
2). The right to bilingual education as guaranteed under the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
3). We demand a Civilian Police Review Board, made up of people who live in our community, to screen all police officers, before they are assigned to our communities.
4). We demand that the true history of the Mexican American be taught in all schools in the five Southwestern States.
5). We demand that all officers in Mexican-American communities must live in the community and speak Spanish.
6). We want an end to “Urban Renewal Programs” that replace our barrios with high rent homes for middle-class people.
7). We demand a guaranteed annual income of $8,000 for all Mexican-American families.
8). We demand that the right to vote be extended to all of our people regardless of the ability to speak the English language.
9). We demand that all Mexican Americans be tried by juries consisting of only Mexican Americans.
10). We demand the right to keep and bear arms to defend our communities against racist police, as guaranteed under the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution.